The government on May 13 banned exports of wheat amid accelerating inflation, but exempted shipments under contracts where letters of credit (LCs) had already been opened. The clearance for the shipment is expected under this exemption, they said.
At least half the quantity is likely to go to Bangladesh, largely by rail and road. The decision is expected to be announced after commerce minister Piyush Goyal returns from Davos, where he is attending the World Economic Forum, the sources said.
The Director General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) has put up a file before the food ministry after scrutinising the LCs issued on or before May 13, the sources said. It was found that many companies had opened back-dated LCs, and the DGFT has weeded out such applications and compiled a list of genuine LCs to be approved by the commerce minister, they added.
“It is learned that the DGFT has asked for approval of more than 1 million tonnes of exports in the first phase against genuine LCs, about 5,00,000-6,00,000 tonnes of which is expected to be for Bangladesh,” said a wheat exporter , who requested not to be named.
Trade sources said more than 250 railway indents had been booked as on May 13 for the export of wheat to Bangladesh. At 2,450 tonnes of wheat per rake, these can carry about 6,00,000 tonnes. Also, ten railway rakes loaded with the grain have been stranded since May 13, when the ban was announced.
About 2,00,000 tonnes of wheat is expected to be exported by road, while the rest may be shipped by vessels, including to other destinations.
Traders said Bangladesh was not in a hurry to import Indian wheat as it had limited storage capacity. “Bangladesh will have to first sell rice from its warehouses to make space for imported wheat,” said a Kolkata-based exporter.
Currently, Bangladesh is unloading a shipment from Australia at Chittagong port.