Georgia Broader Definition of Employee, Eligibility for Unemployment

Georgia Governor Brian Kemp has signed into law two measures addressing the employment relationship. The first, Act 809 (HB 389), alters the definition of unemployment benefits of employment purposes. The second, Act 823 (SB 331), precludes local governments regulating the scheduling or work hours of a private business’s employees.

Act 809: Classification of Employees for Unemployment Benefit Purposes

Act 809 seeks to expand the types of workers who may be able to claim unemployment benefits. It also ensures, however, that the nature of an individual’s work will ultimately determine the existence of an employer-employee relationship. Act 809 will become effective on July 1, 2022.

In Georgia, only individuals who are deemed “employees” may be eligible for unemployment benefits. Independent contractors are not entitled to such benefits. Act 809 changes the definition of employment for any service performed by an individual for wages. Under this definition, the majority of workers will qualify as “employees,” unless the Georgia Department of Labor makes a contrary determination. Based on Act 809’s expanded definition of employment, more workers may be able to obtain unemployment benefits from a business.

Under the new law, an individual will not qualify as an “employee” only if it is shown that the individual is free from control or direction over the performance of the services of a company and is customarily engaged in an independent trade, occupation, profession, or business. The following are seven factors to consider in making this determination:

  • Ability to work for other companies or holding other employment at the same time;
  • Freedom to accept or reject work assignments without consequence;
  • Lack a minimum number of hours to receive work or orders;
  • Ability to set their own work schedule;
  • Lack of oversight or instructions regarding the services to be performed;
  • Absence of territorial or geographic restrictions; and
  • Lack a requirement to perform, behave, or act in a manner related to the performance of the Services.

The law also provides specific standards that apply in the context of the music industry professionals, ride share network services, and certain delivery services.

For Georgia businesses now, a worker’s classification as an “employee” or an “independent contractor” is more important than ever. Act 809 creates an enforcement mechanism by implementing a civil penalty, paid to the Georgia Department of Labor, if a business incorrectly classifies its workers. Under the new law, the Commissioner sets the amount of civil penalties evaluated by the number of individuals who were improperly classified and the frequency of misclassifications.

Thus, Georgia businesses must be mindful of the classifications assigned to each of its workers.

Act 823: Preemption of Local Governments from Enacting Certain Laws

Act 823 precludes laws regulating work hours, scheduling, or employee output from local governments. The measure became effective on May 5, 2022.

Act 823 is Georgia’s latest attempt at drawing businesses from the state precluding local governments enacting restrictive wage and hour laws. Georgia law already bars cities and local governments from adopting lawsuits to private employers. These laws govern matters such as minimum wage, overtime, employee benefits, and scheduling changes related to pay.

Act 823 amends existing law to prohibit laws enforcing from local governments to private employers that would govern governance hours, scheduling, and employee output.

Meanwhile, in many other states, local governments have enacted local ordinances addressing these topics. Clearly, Governor Kemp and the state legislature wish to distinguish the state from the laws of these other states and local governments.

Jackson Lewis PC © 2022National Law Review, Volume XII, Number 134

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